On Monday, Prime Minister Justin Trudeau of Canada made the stunning accusation that authorities brokers from India had been concerned within the killing of a Sikh neighborhood chief in British Columbia in June.
The allegations have widened a rising rift between Canada and India and set off a political dispute between the 2 already apprehensive nations.
Here is what we all know:
Who was Hardeep Singh Nijjar, and what occurred to him?
Hardeep Singh Nijjar, 45, was born within the North Indian state of Punjab. After a number of unsuccessful makes an attempt to realize entry to Canada, he moved there within the mid-Nineties, based on Indian news studies, simply after a interval of Indian authorities crackdowns on a Sikh separatist motion.
In Canada, Mr. Nijjar labored as a plumber, obtained married and had two sons. He obtained his Canadian citizenship in 2015, based on Canada’s immigration minister, Marc Miller, in a put up on X, previously known as Twitter. In 2020, Mr. Nijjar grew to become the president of a Sikh temple in Surrey, British Columbia, the Guru Nanak Sikh Gurdwara.
Mr. Nijjar was a self-proclaimed “Sikh nationalist who believes in and supports Sikhs’ right to self-determination and independence of Indian-occupied Punjab through a future referendum,” based on an open letter he wrote to the Canadian authorities in 2016. He had been a key determine in British Columbia rallying votes for a referendum in Canada supporting the institution of a nation known as Khalistan from a part of Punjab State.
The Indian authorities declared Mr. Nijjar a terrorist in 2020, many years after he left India. It accused him of plotting a violent assault in India and main a terrorist group known as the Khalistan Tiger Force. In Punjab, nevertheless, politicians and journalists asserted that regardless of such costs towards him, many locals had by no means heard of him or his motion.
Mr. Nijjar was shot in June close to the Sikh temple that he led. While investigators from the Royal Canadian Mounted Police later mentioned he had been ambushed by masked males, they didn’t disclose if the assault had been politically motivated.
What did Canada say?
On Monday, the Canadian prime minister informed lawmakers that “agents of the government of India” had been linked to Mr. Nijjar’s killing on Canadian soil.
Evidence of the ambush was primarily based on intelligence gathered by the Canadian authorities, based on Mr. Trudeau, who added that he had raised this subject straight with Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India “in no uncertain terms” on the Group of 20 summit this month in New Delhi.
“Any involvement of a foreign government in the killing of a Canadian citizen on Canadian soil is an unacceptable violation of our sovereignty,” Mr. Trudeau mentioned on Monday, including that Canada would stress India to cooperate with investigations into Mr. Nijjar’s dying.
Canada’s international minister, Mélanie Joly, additionally introduced that it had expelled an Indian diplomat, whom she described because the de facto head of India’s intelligence company in Canada.
How did India reply?
The Indian authorities has vehemently denied the allegations by Mr. Trudeau. Mr. Modi “completely rejected” them, based on India’s international ministry.
In an announcement, the ministry workplace additionally spurned “any attempts to connect the government of India” to Mr. Nijjar’s killing and known as the accusations “absurd.”
In a tit-for-tat transfer towards Canada, India expelled a senior Canadian diplomat in India.
The Indian authorities additionally fired again at Canada, accusing the nation of sheltering “extremists and terrorists” who “continue to threaten India’s sovereignty and territorial integrity.”
India has lengthy mentioned that Canada is harboring Sikh terrorists and offering funding to create Khalistan. In the previous, Indian officers have additionally accused Britain, the United States and Australia of passivity towards separatist actions of their nations.
Mr. Trudeau rejected India’s denial on Tuesday morning. “We are not looking to provoke or escalate,” he informed reporters in Ottawa earlier than flying to New York for the United Nations General Assembly. “We are simply laying out the facts as we understand them, and we want to work with the government of India.”